Your guide to moving to a MacBook.. What are the basics of Mac OS?

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If you are new to the world of Apple Mac devices, you may find it difficult to know where to start using them and taking advantage of their advantages compared to devices running the Windows operating system. But with some tips and practice, you’ll be handling your Mac like a pro in no time.

In this simplified guide, we will learn about the basics of the macOS system, starting with the various system features, all the way to setting up the device for the first time, customizing the desktop, using the basic applications in the system, and other important steps that we will learn about through a series of reports.

Setting up the system for the first time

We will start by setting up Mac OS for the first time, which is a simple matter that you can do through the following steps:

After turning on your Mac, you will be asked to select the language and region. Connect to the Internet via Wi-Fi. Sign in with your Apple ID, or you can create a new account if you don’t have one. Set up the fingerprint or face login feature. Turn on iCloud, which allows you to access your files and documents from any other device.

Mac OS basics

The “Mac OS” operating system is a system developed by Apple to run on its computers, whether mobile devices or desktop devices. It is famous for its easy user interface and seamless integration with other Apple devices such as iPhones or iPad tablets.

These are some basic terms related to the system, and you should note that we will be talking about the latest available version of the system, “macOS Sonoma 14”:

Dock: One of the essential features of Mac OS, it is the place from which you can access your most frequently used applications. By default, it’s at the bottom of the screen, and contains icons for apps like Finder, Safari, and the Email app. It can be thought of as the taskbar in Windows, which contains the Start menu. You can customize the bar and place the applications you need, as well as change its size and location if you want.

Finder application: It is also one of the basic features of the Mac OS system, and it is where you will find all your files and folders. You will find it in the “Doc” bar, as we mentioned. You can organize your files into folders and search for specific files using the search bar. You can also create new folders and move files into them or delete them.

“Launchpad”: This is where you will find all your applications on the device, and you will find them in the “Dock” bar.

“App Store”: It is the application store for the Mac OS system, and is similar to the iPhone application store. You will find the store’s icon in the “Dock” bar.

“Settings”: This is the place that collects all of your device’s settings, and you will find its icon in the “Dock” bar as well.

“Menu Bar”: You will find this bar at the top of the screen, and it contains menus for some different tasks, for example, it contains the Apple menu, lists of the applications you use, the control center, and the notification center.

“Apple menu”: It is located in the upper right corner of the screen, and contains commands for tasks that you frequently need, such as updating applications, opening system settings, locking the screen, or turning off your MacBook.

“App menus”: These are located next to the Apple menu, and the name of the application you are using appears in bold, followed by other menus, such as “File,” “Edit,” “Format,” and “ Window and Help, along with menus for each application.

“Finder” (Spotlight): Helps you quickly search for applications, documents, emails, and other items on your Mac. You will find the Finder icon in the menu bar.